Universal Immunization Programme

Universal Immunization Programme

INTRODUCTION

Universal Immunization Program (UIP) Mission to provide high quality immunization services to all communities in order to prevent mortality, morbidity and disability from diseases that are preventable through the optimum use of vaccines currently available and vaccines that become available from time to time.

Routine Immunization :-Full Immunization Status:

Financial  Year

Coverge  (In Percentage)

F.Y 2018-19

101.66%

F.Y 2019-20

95.46%

              F.Y 2019-20        89.3 till Jan2021

Pulse Polio Campaign:-

As per directions of GOI, NIDs (National Immunization Day) & SNIDs (Sub National Immunization Day were successfully held in U.T Chandigarh. During NIDs three day campaigns are held as First day as the booth activity and the other two days for house to house activity. However during SNID,two day activity are  held for the house to house activity to cover the high risk area of U.T Chandigarh. The details of the same are as follows:-

Pulse Polio Round  Coverage

 NID/SNID Rounds

Coverage

Target

Percentage

January 2018

107755

121343

88.80%

March 2018

104291

121343

85.94%

Aug 2018

76342

79705

95.78%

Nov 2018

77893

72405

107.58%

March 2019

104960

96182

109.13%

June 2019

75244

70359

106.94%

Sept 2019

76822

70347

109.2%

        January 2020

 

102749

                92911

110.58%

NATIONAL IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE FOR INFANTS, CHILDREN AND PREGNANT WOMEN

For Pregnant Women

Vaccine

Due age

Max age

Dose

Diluent

Route

Site

TT-1

Early in pregnancy

Give as early as possible in pregnancy

0.5 ml

NO

Intra- muscular

Upper Arm

TT-2*

4 weeks after TT-1*

 

0.5 ml

NO

Intra- muscular

Upper Arm

TT- Booster

If received 2 TT doses in a pregnancy within the last 3 years*

s

0.5 ml

NO

Intra- muscular

Upper Arm

For Infants

Vaccine

Due age

Max age

Dose

Diluent

Route

Site

 

 

BCG

 

 

At birth

 

 

till one year of age

(0.05 ml until

1 month) 0.1ml Beyond age 1 month

YES

Manufacturer supplied diluent (Sodium chloride)

 

 

Intra- dermal

 

 

Upper Arm - LEFT

 

Hepatitis B - Birth dose

 

At birth

 

within 24 hours

 

0.5 ml

 

NO

 

Intra- muscular

Antero- lateral side of mid-thigh

- LEFT

 

OPV-0

 

At birth

within the first 15 days

 

2 drops

 

-

 

Oral

 

Oral

 

OPV 1, 2 & 3

At 6 weeks,

10 weeks &

14 weeks

till 5 years of age

 

2 drops

 

-

 

Oral

 

Oral

Pentavalent 1, 2 & 3** (Diphtheria+ Pertussis + Tetanus + Hepatitis B + Hib)

 

 

At 6 weeks,

10 weeks &

14 weeks**

 

 

1 year of age

 

 

 

0.5 ml

 

 

 

NO

 

 

Intra- muscular

 

Antero- lateral side of mid-thigh

- LEFT

Fractional IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)

At 6 & 14 weeks

1 year of age

 

0.1 ml

 

NO

Intra- dermal

Upper Arm

- RIGHT

Rotavirus‡ (Where applicable)

At 6 weeks,

10 weeks &

14 weeks

 

1 year of age

 

5 drops

 

NO

 

Oral

 

Oral

 

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

(PCV) (Where applicable)

At 6 weeks & 14 weeks

At 9 completed months - booster

 

 

1 year of age

 

 

0.5 ml

 

 

NO

 

 

Intra- muscular

 

Antero- lateral side of mid-thigh

- RIGHT

 

Measles / Rubella 1st dose ##

At 9 completed months-12 months.

 

5 years of age

 

 

0.5 ml

YES

Manufacturer supplied diluent (Sterile water)

 

Sub- cutaneous

 

Upper Arm - RIGHT

Japanese Encephalitis – 1  @

(Where applicable)

 

 

At 9 months-12 months@

 

 

15 years of age

 

 

 

0.5 ml

YES -

Manufacturer supplied diluent (Phosphate Buffer Solution)

 

 

Sub- cutaneous

 

 

Upper Arm - LEFT

Vitamin A (1st dose)

 

At 9 months

5 years of age

( 1 lakh IU)

 

1 ml

 

-

 

Oral

 

Oral

For Children

Vaccine

When to give

Max age

Dose

Diluent

Route

Site

 

DPT Booster-1

 

16-24

months

 

7 years of age

 

0.5 ml

 

NO

 

Intra- muscular

Antero- lateral side of mid-thigh

– LEFT

 

Measles / Rubella 2nd dose ##

 

 

16-24

months

 

 

5 years of age

 

 

0.5 ml

YES

Manufacturer supplied diluent (Sterile water)

 

 

Sub- cutaneous

 

 

Upper Arm - RIGHT

OPV Booster

16-24

months

5 Years

2 drops

NO

Oral

Oral

Japanese Encephalitis – 2 @

(Where applicable)

 

 

16-24

months @

 

 

till 15 years of age

 

 

 

0.5 ml

YES

Manufacturer supplied diluent (Phosphate Buffer Solution)

 

 

Sub- cutaneous

 

 

Upper Arm - LEFT

Vitamin A $ (2nd to 9th dose)

At 16

months. Then, one dose every 6 months.

 

up to the age of 5 years

 

2 ml

(2 lakh IU)

 

 

-

 

 

Oral

 

 

Oral

DPT Booster-2

5-6 years

7 Years of age

0.5 ml

NO

Intra- muscular

Upper Arm

TT

10 years &

16 years

16 Years

0.5 ml

NO

Intra- muscular

Upper Arm

* Give TT-2 or Booster doses before 36 weeks of pregnancy. However, give these even if more than 36 weeks have passed. Give TT to a woman in labour, if she has not previously received TT.

** Pentavalent vaccine is introduced in place of DPT and HepB 1, 2 and 3.

‡ Rotavirus vaccine is being introduced in phases.

## MR vaccine introduced in phases replacing measles vaccine in the UIP schedule. If first dose delayed beyond 12 months ensure minimum 1 month gap between 2 MR doses.

@ JE Vaccine has been introduced in select endemic districts. If first dose delayed beyond 12 months ensure minimum 3 months gap between 2 JE doses.

$ The 2nd to 9th doses of Vitamin A can be administered to children 1-5 years old during biannual rounds, in collaboration with ICDS.

  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccine – presently not in schedule.
  • Td - Tetanus diphtheria to replace TT - to be added in schedule

TAARE ZAMEEN PAR”-A NIGHT VIGIL:-

The activity  was introduced during the NID round January 2018 and it was first of its own kind of the activity which focused on children of nomads/rag pickers/beggers etc.who are not static and cannot be ear marked in the Microplans. Under the project, the teams visit the areas where nomads along with their children settle at night and vaccination of these children are undertaken.

               ‘Taare Zameen Par-A Night Vigil’, activity has been praised and well appreciated at State and National Level by Senior Officials of GOI. They have also showed their desire to replicate the same in other parts of the Country as well. WHO Monitors have also supervised the activity and appreciated the great efforts.

  • Night Vigil Round  Coverage:
  • January 2018

    151

    March 2018

    363

    August 2018

    375

    November 2018

    225

    March 2019

    375

    June 2019

    300

    September 2019

    231

    January 2020

    390

ADVERSE EVENTS FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION (AEFI): 

ADVERSE EVENTS FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION (AEFI) is a medical incident that takes place after an immunization, causes concern and is believed to be caused by immunization. An AEFI may occur because of Programmatic errors or sensitivity to vaccine or it may occur coincidentally. “Chandigarh has been adjudged as Excellent Performing Union Territory based upon Adverse Events following Immunization i.e. AEFI Surveillance which includes reporting, investigation and casualty assessment of AEFI Cases.”

Intensified Mission Indradhanush

Keeping up with its commitment to improve immunization coverage and addressing equity, MoHFW, GoI has implemented various intensification strategies including its flagship program, “Mission Indradhanush” launched in December 2014. Mission Indradhanush aimed to fully immunize more than 90% of new-borns by 2020 through innovative and planned approaches to reach all children. Under Mission Indradhanush, all the vaccines provided under Universal Immunization Program were administered to children and pregnant women. A total of 528 districts were covered during the various phases of Mission Indradhanush. (Click here to view the detail)

Innovation : मिशन इंद्रधनुष: संपूर्ण टीकाकरण की ओर बढ़ते कदम  

New updates under Immunization:-

  • As per directions of GOI, in U.T Chandigarh,TT was replaced with Td in the Month of May 2019.
  • Introduction of Rota Virus Vaccine in U.T Chandigarh Immunization Schedule as on 31st July, 2019.

Innovation under Immunization:-

PAALNA:-An innovation to relieve the anxiety of the mother and also to distract the infant during the vaccination prick, a chair has been designed with attractive handging smileys to engage the attention of the infant. The mother once comfortably seated can happily get the vaccination of the infant in stress free atmoshphere.The surrounding walls have been covered with colourful picutres and caricatures to make the immunization corner attractive and vibrant.   

PAALNA - The vaccination cradle (Link of Video Clip of Paalna)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJM-QlfRBGk

CONTACT DETAIL OF PROGRAMME OFFICER

Dr. Manjit Singh

District Immunization Officer, Chandigarh Administration, Chandigarh

Address:District Family Welfare Bureau, 4th Floor, New Administrative Block, GMSH, Sector 16, Chandigarh

Telephone: 0172-2702924(Office)

E-Mail Address:diochd[at]yahoo[dot]co[dot]in

 

Updated On: 03/02/2021 - 21:39
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