Universal Immunization Programme

INTRODUCTION

PREAMBLE

Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) Mission to provide high quality immunization services to all communities in order to prevent mortality, morbidity and disability from diseases that are preventable through the optimum use of vaccines currently available and vaccines that become available from time to time

 India's Universal Immunization Programme (U.I.P.) is one of the largest in the world in terms of quantities of vaccine used, the number of beneficiaries, the number of Immunization session organized, the geographical spread and diversity of areas covered. The national policy of Immunization of all children during the first year of life with DPT, OPV, BCG to complete the series of primary vaccination before reaching the age of one year was adopted in 1978 with the lunching of EPI to increase the Immunization coverage in infancy to 80%. Universal Immunization programme UIP was lunched in 1985 in a phased manner. The measles vaccine was added in 1985 and in 1990 Vit A supplementation was added to the program.

NATIONAL IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE FOR INFANTS, CHILDREN AND PREGNANT WOMEN

VACCINE

WHEN TO GIVE

For Pregnant Women

TT-1

Early in pregnancy

TT-2

4 weeks after TT-1 (To be given before 36 weeks of pregnancy)

TT-Booster

If pregnancy occur within three years or last TT vaccination (To be given before 36 weeks of pregnancy)

For Infants

BCG,

At birth (for institutional deliveries) .

Hep-B0

At birth if delivery is in institution

OPV-0

At birth if delivery is in institution

OPV-1st, 2nd & 3rd

At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks

Pentavalent -1st,2nd & 3rd

At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks

Measles 1st Dose

9-12 months

Vitamin-A (1st Dose)

At 9 months with measles

For children

DPT Booster

16-24 months

OPV Booster

16-24 months

Measles - 2nd

16-24 months

Vitamin A

(2nd to 5th dose)

16 months with DPT/ OPV booster

24 month, 30 months and 36 months

DPT Booster

5 years,

TT

10 Years & 16 Years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newer Vaccines in UIP  In CHANDIGARH .

1.    Introduction of IPV: - IPV is the inactivated poliovirus vaccine and contains all three types of killed polioviruses. It is therefore very important that the selected cohort of children between 14 weeks to 1 year get one dose of IPV with the third dose of OPV during routine immunization sessions. 

A State Level workshop for the introduction of IPV for U.T Chandigarh was held on 21st August 2015 at Hotel Taj, Sector-17 under the chairpersonship of the Worthy Health-cum-Home Secretary, U.T Chandigarh 

2.    Launch of Pentavalent Vaccine in U.T Chandigarh:-

Liquid Pentavalent Vaccine is a Vaccine Having 5 Antigen (DPT+Hep B+Hib) in a single Formulation. It is a multidose Vial (10 Doses) that replaced previously existing vaccines at age of 6th, 10th& 14thweeks of children.ThisPentavalent vaccine was launched on 17th July 2015 by the worthy Advisor to Administrator & Health-cum- Home Secretary, U.T Chandigarh

Pulse Polio Campaign

Sr. No

Dates

SNID/NID

Children Vaccinated

1

18-20th January 2015

 National Immunization Day

122693

2

22 -24th  February 2015

 National Immunization Day

124855

3

26- 27th   April

Sub National Immunization Day

84124

4

21-22nd June

Sub National Immunization Day

82362

5

2-23rd  November

Sub National Immunization Day

87707

6

17-19th  January 2016

National Immunization Day

121343

7

21- 23rd February 2016

National Immunization Day

119896

8  2nd to 4th April 2017 National Immunization Day 99152

Inauguration of the February NID round was done by worthy Health-cum-Home Secretary, Mr. Anurag Aggarwal, IAS.

ADVERSE EVENTS FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION (AEFI) 

ADVERSE EVENTS FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION (AEFI) is a medical incident that takes place after an immunization, causes concern and is believed to be caused by immunization. An AEFI may occur because of Programmatic errors or sensitivity to vaccine or it may occur coincidentally.

A District level AEFI Committee has been constituted to  oversee  the AEFIs management, evaluation and its proper reporting in Case Reporting Format (CRF), Preliminary Information Report (PIR) and Final Investigation Report (FIR) so that Govt. of India may be informed accordingly.

 REPORTING OF ACUTE FLACCID PARALYSIS & MEASLES SURVEILLANCE

National Polio Surveillance Project has been started with technical collaboration and assistance from WHO. In addition to a National Polio Surveillance Unit in Delhi, there are surveillance medical officers in the States to activate surveillance to detect all cases of paralysis, acute in origin and flaccid in type in all children below the age of 15. As a result, the reporting and investigation of AFP is picking up and each case of AFP is investigated in the nine National Polio Laboratories to find out the cause and to know the actual occurrence of Poliomyelitis in the country.

To strengthen AFP reporting in Chandigarh, following 15 reporting centres have been notified:

1.        Deptt.of Pediatrics, PGI-12,

2.        Deptt.of Pediatrics, GMCH-32

3.        Deptt.of Pediatrics, GMSH-16

4.        Police Hospital-26

5.        Community Health Centre 22

6.        Community Health Centre Manimajra

7.        Civil Dispensary 20

8.        Civil Dispensary Dadumajra

9.        ESI Dispensary-29

10.     ESI Model Hospital Ram Darbar

11.     Civil Dispensary Ram Darbar

12.     Rural Health Training Centre Palsora

13.     Urban Health Training Centre Indira Colony

14.     Civil Dispensary Mauli Jagran

15.     CH, 45

                                                                                        ACHIEVEMENTS

Immunization (HMIS ) Reporting 

Coverage 2011-12

%age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

Coverage 2012-13

%age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

Coverage 2013-14

%age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

Coverage 2014-15

%age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

Coverage 2015-16

%age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

Coverage 2016-17 %age coverage against the estimated yearly targets 

BCG

24459

152.87

24479

143.99

26108

131.13

27219

138.42

27710 145.84 28115 147.97

DPT1/Pentavalent

18597

116.23

18270

107.41

17954

104.38

15411

90.23

18423 96.96 17269 90.88

DPT2/Pentavalent

16721

104.51

16602

97.66

16501

92.63

14208

73.81

16917 89.03 15722 82.75

DPT3/Pentavalent Coverage 3

16197

101.23

16290

95.82

16543

92.98

14646

81.88

16562 87.17 15056 79.24

OPV 0 (Birth Dose)

22882

143.01

23569

138.64

25047

133.11

26641

141.83

26959 141.89 27024 142.23

OPV1

18908

118.18

18264

107.44

22330

102.94

17201

70.33

17442 90.38 17216 90.61

OPV2

16619

103.87

16599

97.64

17430

94.27

15676

87.52

16261 85.58 15703 82.65

OPV3

16217

101.36

16290

95.83

16950

94.16

15848

88.04

15967 84.04 14996 78.93

Measles

15613

97.58

162275

95.74

17122

95.12

16205

90.03

16366 86.14 15946 83.93

Full Immunization 

15171

94.82

16050

94.41

16879

93.77

16052

89.18

16215 85.34 15806 83.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mission Indradhanush

As per directions of GOI, in order to improve the vaccination coverage, Government of India is launching phase-II of Mission Indradhanush in 297 Medium focus districts across the country on 7th October 2015.This was followed by weeklong intensified Immunization drives for three consecutive months, starting from 7th November & 7th December 2015, 7th January 2016 & Chandigarh was listed as a district for the Implementation of Mission Indradhanush in Phase-II.

The Mission Indradhanush includes the dropout & Left out children and the Pregnant women.

 

 CONTACT DETAIL OF PROGRAMME OFFICER

Dr Sangeeta Ajay

District Immunization Officer, Chandigarh Administration, Chandigarh

Address:                   Office of Mission Director,Civil Hospital, Sector-22, Chandigarh

Telephone:                0172-2701524, 0172-2702924(Office)

E-Mail Address:        diochd[at]yahoo[dot]co[dot]in

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